- Edwards Aquifer Authority
- The City of New Braunfels
- The City of San Marcos
- The City of San Antonio acting by and through its San Antonio Water System Board of Trustees
- Guadalupe-Blanco River Authority
- Texas State University
- Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD)
- United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS)
- 900 E. Quincy
San Antonio, TX 78215
- P. (210) 222-2204 or 1-800-292-1047
- F. (210) 222-9869
- E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Comal Springs Dryopid Beetle
Description: A subterranean aquatic species from the family Dryopidae. Adult beetles are slightly pigmented with translucent skin and vestigial (non-functioning) eyes.
Size: Approximately one-eighth inch long.
Habitat: Comal Springs aquatic ecosystem. Due to their inability to swim, ComalSprings dryopid beetles appear to be restricted to headwaters of springs and spring runs.They have been collected from Spring Run 2 of Comal Springs and Spring Runs 3 and 4 leading to the Comal River. On their underside, a mass of small, unwettable hairs can befound which hold a thin air bubble, allowing for gas exchange to occur during respiration (Chapman 1982). As springflow decreases, dissolved oxygen levels decrease as well, preventing the beetle from effectively using this form of respiration. Therefore, the Federal Register (Federal Register 62:243, 1997) states that the dryopid beetle requires flowing, uncontaminated waters for survival.